The ADA defines HIV and AIDS as disabilities, which means that people who have them are entitled to protection from workplace discrimination. This law also protects people living with HIV and AIDS from discrimination in many public institutions such as hotels, retail outlets and dental practices. For example, a dentist cannot refuse treatment to a person with HIV or AIDS, and a gym cannot limit the hours a person with HIV or AIDS can use the facilities. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) provides federal civil rights protections to people with disabilities similar to those granted to individuals based on race, color, gender, national origin, age, and religion.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has a list of resources for people living with HIV or AIDS. Because a person with HIV or AIDS has impaired immunity, the ADA considers the conditions to be disabilities, even if people have no symptoms. The ADA considers HIV and AIDS to be disabilities that significantly impede one or more life activities, whether or not a person has symptoms. The SSA may also consider someone with HIV or AIDS to be disabled, giving them benefits in the form of a monthly income.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 is a civil rights law that protects people with disabilities from discrimination. The ADA considers HIV and AIDS a disability for anyone with one of the conditions, but the Social Security Administration (SSA) does not.
- Living with HIV Infection Your Legal Rights in the Workplace Under the ADA | U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
- HIV and AIDS: Are they a disability?